What Is Rava Made Of?

By Juliet D'cruz

Are you curious to know what is rava made of? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about rava made of in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is rava made of?

Rava, also known as semolina or sooji, is a versatile ingredient that features prominently in various culinary traditions around the world. This coarse grain-like substance is widely used in sweet and savory dishes, offering a unique texture and flavor. In this blog post, we will explore what rava is made of, its production process, and its diverse culinary applications.

What Is Rava Made Of?

Rava is a form of wheat flour that is produced by grinding durum wheat kernels into a coarse texture. It is known for its granular consistency, with particles larger than those of traditional wheat flour. The distinct texture and characteristics of rava contribute to its wide range of culinary uses.

Production Process

The Production Of Rava Involves Several Steps:

  1. Harvesting Durum Wheat: Durum wheat, a high-protein variety of wheat, is the primary source of rava. It is typically harvested when the grains have reached maturity and have a golden hue.
  2. Cleaning and Processing: After harvesting, the durum wheat undergoes a cleaning process to remove impurities such as stones, chaff, and other debris. This ensures the wheat is clean and ready for further processing.
  3. Milling and Grinding: The cleaned wheat grains are passed through milling machines, where they are ground into a coarse powder. This process retains the bran and germ layers, resulting in a grainy texture and a slightly nutty flavor.
  4. Sieving: The ground wheat is then sieved to separate the finer flour from the coarser particles. The coarse particles that remain after sieving are what we know as rava.

Composition Of Rava

Rava is primarily composed of carbohydrates, including starch and dietary fiber. It also contains moderate amounts of protein and small quantities of fat. The nutritional content of rava can vary depending on factors such as the type of wheat used, processing methods, and any added fortifications.

Culinary Applications

Rava is a versatile ingredient used in a wide range of sweet and savory dishes. Some popular culinary applications of rava include:

  1. Breakfast Dishes: Rava is a key ingredient in various breakfast dishes such as upma, a savory porridge-like dish cooked with spices and vegetables. It is also used in making idlis (steamed savory cakes) and dosas (thin pancakes) by blending it with other ingredients.
  2. Sweets and Desserts: Rava is used in the preparation of traditional sweets and desserts. It is the main ingredient in dishes like kesari (a sweet semolina pudding), halwa (a rich, sweet pudding), and sheera (a sweet semolina dessert).
  3. Breads and Baked Goods: Rava can be incorporated into bread and baked goods, providing texture and flavor. It is used in making rava bread, rava cake, and various cookies.
  4. Coating and Frying: Rava is often used as a coating for frying, providing a crispy and golden texture to fried foods. It is commonly used to coat vegetables, fish, or meat before frying them.


Rava, made from durum wheat, is a versatile ingredient that adds texture and flavor to a wide variety of dishes. Whether used in savory breakfast preparations, traditional sweets and desserts, breads, or as a coating for frying, rava offers a unique culinary experience. Understanding the production process and composition of rava enhances our appreciation for this versatile ingredient and encourages us to explore its diverse applications in our culinary endeavors. So, the next time you encounter rava in a recipe, embrace its unique qualities and savor the delightful dishes it helps create.

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Is Rava Good For Health?

It is low in fat, high in protein, and high in satiety value, making it a permissible ingredient for those who want to lose weight. Additionally, Rava is rich in micronutrients, such as iron, magnesium, and phosphorus, essential for overall health.

Is Rava Maida Or Not?

You can call it the in-between stage of wheat to maida (or white flour). The difference between it (rava/semolina) and maida is that maida is bleached once it’s processed, and rava is not. So this makes it a shade better than maida.

Is Rava Made From Rice?

Rava is made by grinding husked wheat and is used in Indian cuisine to make savoury dishes such as rava dosa, rava idli, upma, khichdis. There are also sweet dishes made from it, take for example rava ladoo, and sooji halwa in North Indian cuisine which is also known as rava kesari/ kesari bath in South Indian cuisine.

Is Rava Healthier Than Wheat?

Rastogi says that sooji which is also known as semolina or rava is a more processed form of wheat and has lesser fibre while whole wheat atta is made by running wheat through a mill. “Atta has all parts of wheat, including germ (nutrition centre) and bran (fibre). Germ is the most micronutrient dense part of the grain.


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