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What Is A Main Group Element

What Is A Main Group Element – Caresclub

by Ramit Kaur

What is a main group element? In chemistry, there are many groups of elements same as in atomic physics. They are divided based on various types of elements. Let us find out about the main group element and other details about it. Below we have mentioned everything about What is a main group element? To help you understand better.

What Is A Main Group Element?

The Main Group Elements are the chemical elements that are in the s and p block of the periodic table. 

In the S block, they are again divided into group 1 and group 2 where group 1 that are the is alkali metals and group 2 is alkaline earth metals. These are the elements that have 1 oxidation state.

All the elements in 13 to 18 groups are considered as P Block. These include the basic metals, metalloids, and halogens. Also, the nonmetals and noble gases are in this section. These elements have many oxidation states. For example helium, boron, oxygen, etc

Main Group Elements Names

Below we have mentioned the elements that come under the Main Group Element. 

S Block

S block is divided into 2 groups. The elements are mentioned below

Group 1 (Alkali Metals)

  • Lithium (Li)
  • Sodium (Na)
  • Rubidium (Rb)
  • Cesium (Cs)
  • Francium (Fr)

Group 2  (Alkaline Earth Metals)

  • Beryllium (Be)
  • Magnesium (Mg)
  • Calcium (Ca)
  • Strontium (Sr)
  • Barium (Ba)
  • Radium (Ra)

S Block

S block is divided into 6 groups. The elements are mentioned below

Group 13 (Boron Group)

  • Boron (B)
  • Aluminum (Al)
  • Gallium (Ga)
  • Indium (In)
  • Thallium (Tl)

Group 14 (Carbon Group)

  • Carbon (C)
  • Silicon (Si)
  • Germanium (Ge)
  • Tin (Sn)
  • Lead (Pb)
  • Ununquadium (Uuq)

Group 15 (Nitrogen Group)

  • Nitrogen (N)
  • Phosphorus (P)
  • Arsenic (As)
  • Antimony (SB)
  • Bismuth (Bi)
  • Ununpentium (UUp)

Group 16 (Chalcogens)

  • Oxygen (O)
  • Sulfur (S)
  • Selenium (Se)
  • Tellurium (Te)
  • Radioactive polonium (Po)
  • Synthetic Ununhexium (Uuh)

Group 17 (Halogens)

  • Fluorine (F)
  • Chlorine (Ci)
  • Bromine (Br)
  • Iodine (I)
  • Astatine (At)

Group 18 (Noble Gases)

  • Helium
  • Neon
  • Argon
  • Kryton
  • Xenon
  • Radon

FAQ

What does it mean to be a main group element?

The Main Group Elements are the chemical elements that are in the s and p block of the periodic table. 

In the S block, they are again divided into 2 groups that are group 1 and group 2 where group 1 is the are alkali metals and group 2 includes alkaline earth metals. 

All the elements in 13 to 18 groups are considered as P Block. These include the basic metals, metalloids, and halogens. Also, the nonmetals and noble gases are in this section. These elements have many oxidation states. 

What are the main group elements on the periodic table?

The main group elements on a Periodic Table are the block  and B Block

Where S Block is again divided into group 1 and group 2 where group 1 has the are alkali metals and group 2 have alkaline earth metals. 

And the P block has all the elements in 13 to 18 groups are considered as P Block. These include the basic metals, metalloids, and halogens. Also, the nonmetals and noble gases are in this section. These elements have many oxidation states. 

Is BA a main group element?

Barium (BA) is an element of the main group

What is the smallest metal?

Sodium is the smallest Metal.

Conclusion

So now you know that in a periodic chart the main elements are referred to as the s and p block. These element groups are divided as per their properties. The middle of the periodic table is not included in the main element group. Also, some scientists don’t include hydrogen. And some say that zinc, mercury, and cadmium should be included. The above-mentioned information is the answer to your question what is a main group element?

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