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What Is A Neutral Atom?

What Is A Neutral Atom?

by Ramit Kaur

An atom has a nucleus then what is a neutral atom? The mass of the atom is the nucleus. The atom is consists of protons, neutrons, and electrons where the protons and neutrons make the nucleus and electrons surrounding them. This is about atoms now let us see what is a neutral atom?

What Is A Neutral Atom?

A neutral atom is an atom where the protons and electrons are in equal numbers. 

When the protons and electrons are the same then the atom becomes neutral in its normal state. But under some specific conditions, the electrons can be lost or gained. This will make them no longer neutral. This will give them a charge.

What Is A Neutral Atom Example?

The examples of neutral Atom are mentioned below

  • Hydrogen
  • Helium
  • Lithium
  • Boron
  • Oxygen
  • Neon
  • Aluminum
  • Potassium
  • Carbon
  • Silicon

What Is The Difference Between A Neutral Atom And An Ion?

The difference between a neutral atom and Ion is mentioned below.

Neutral Atoms

  • The protons and electrons are equal 
  • protons and electrons are neurtaly charged
  • Neutral atoms can be changed to positively charged ions


  • Ions are the ones that are electrically charged by adding or removing the electrons from the neutral atom.
  • The number of electrons is either less than or more than proton where protons do not change
  • Ions cannot be changed back to neutral atoms

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What does it mean to be a neutral atom?

A Neutral atom means that the number of protons and electrons in the atom is the same.

How do you know if an atom is neutral?

You can know that an atom is neutral when the element’s atomic number is equal that is the number of protons is equal to the number of electrons.

Are most atoms neutral?

Even though all the atoms are commonly neutral when they are in their ordinary form. But in many cases, the atoms either lose or gain electrons. This makes them ions.

How many electrons are in a neutral atom of lithium?

The number of electrons a neutral atom of lithium has is three.

If a neutral atom has 18 protons how many electrons would it have?

If a neutral atom has 18 protons the number of electrons would also be 18. As a neutral atom has an equal number of protons and electrons

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This was all about a neutral atom. Now you must have understood that a neutral atom means the same as the name says “neutral”. This means an equal number of protons and electrons. If the number of electrons changes this means it is not a neutral atom it is an ion. It’s an ion because the electrons are electrically charged. Hope your query regarding what is a neutral atom is been satisfactorily solved by me.

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