What Are the Consequences of a Title IX Violation?

Law

If you are facing Title IX allegations at a college or university where you work, or if your child is a college student who has been named as the respondent in a Title IX complaint at their college or university, it is essential to know that the consequences of a Title IX violation can be extremely serious. As such, it is critical to seek advice from a college sexual assault lawyer who can provide you with more information about possible penalties for a Title IX violation and being found responsible following an investigation. The consequences can range from suspension or expulsion from the university to termination from a university position to criminal charges in some circumstances.

Penalties for College or Universities that Fail to Comply with Title IX

Some Title IX violations involve allegations that a college or university has failed to comply with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, often by failing to investigate a complaint or failing to have required procedures in place to handle complaints from students, faculty, staff, and other employees at the university. If a college or university violates Title IX, it can lose federal funding. 

Consequences for a Student Found Responsible for a Title IX Violation

If a student is found responsible for a Title IX violation, that student can face significant consequences at their college or university. Common consequences for a student who has been found responsible for a Title IX violation may include, for example:

  • Student being placed on disciplinary probation
  • Student being required to move from their current residence
  • Student being suspended from the college or university
  • Student being expelled from the college or university
  • Student losing their scholarship
  • Student being required to provide restitution or to make a formal apology
  • Student’s degree being withheld

These are consequences that the student can face within the construct of the university system. It is important to understand that Title IX investigations and determinations are not criminal in nature. As such, a student will not face criminal penalties for being found responsible for a Title IX violation. However, the outcome of a Title IX violation may be used against the student in the event that criminal charges are brought.

Consequences for a Faculty or Staff Member Found Responsible for a Title IX Violation

Faculty and staff members, as well as coaches and other university employees, can also be named as respondents in Title IX complaints. If one of these parties is found responsible for a Title IX violation, they could face one or more of the following consequences:

  • Employee receiving a warning from the institution
  • Employee being reassigned from certain positions or roles within the college or university
  • Employee being placed on leave from the college or university
  • Employee losing tenure if the employee is a faculty member
  • Employee being terminated from their employment
  • Employee being required to provide restitution or to make a formal apology

Similar to Title IX cases in which students are named as respondents, employees of colleges and universities will not face criminal consequences for a Title IX violation, but a Title IX case ultimately may be relevant if the employee faces criminal charges related to the allegations.

If you are facing Title IX allegations or have been named as the respondent in a Title IX complaint, it is important to seek help from a college sexual assault attorney who can assist you.

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